Confidence in Numbers

Confidence in Numbers

An organism’s confidence level often changes when they are among others. This can either be beneficial or detrimental to the group.
When mobs or gangs get together and share a similar purpose which is to have control, run drug deals, and not let anything else above their authority. When groups can run a thousand or more strong, that confidence is huge because it is not just one. Also, when just generic groups of people get together to party or just happen to share a similar interest, confidence levels rise and can often get out of hand because we get a sense of being bulletproof. This takes confidence to an extreme level that is unsafe where murders or severe injury can happen.
However confidence in numbers can be a beneficial attribute. Many of us have heard “There is no I in team” from teachers or coaches in school. This holds a purpose in the business world as well. People need to work together to get jobs done. Whether it is a sports team, office team, or an organization. Often this confidence in numbers is a great thing because it gets the job done or gives people with minimal self confidence, the opportunity to become confident with the help of others.
Confidence in numbers does not just run in the nature of humans, but also animals. Many travel and hunt in packs or groups, such as wolves, dolphins, and salmon. Moving as a pack helps wolves or coyotes bring down animals bigger than them which feeds all of them. Dolphins travel together as family to feed, breed, and protect themselves. However Salmon move as a group for natures reasons. They must travel upstream to lay their eggs and then die.
Confidence in numbers is found everywhere, not just in humans. In my opinion it is a wonderful way of nature.

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Confidence: Nature Vs. Nurture

Confidence: Nature Vs. Nurture

In a previous blog I touched upon the topic of Self Confidence, and it was my belief that it is developed through your environment and upbringing.
Ray Williams debates where our self confidence comes from in an article called “Self-Confidence: Nature or Nurture?”

The idea has been for some time that it is mostly nurture, however new research leads us to believe that we may be predisposed self-confident. “Researchers like Albert Bandura have argued that the initial efficacy experiences are centered in the family. But as the growing child’s social world rapidly expands, peers become increasingly important in children’s developing self-knowledge of their capabilities. So, until now, an individual’s self-confidence was seen to be based on upbringing and other environmental factors.” Explains Williams. To argue this point, Corina Greven of King’s College in London and her colleague, Robert Plomin of the Institute of Psychiatry, claim that confidence is a predisposition. Greven and Plomin also found that children with a greater belief in their own abilities often performed better at school, even if they were actually less intelligent. The same held true for athletes, with ability playing a lesser role than confidence.
In truth, there is no definite answer to nature vs. nurture. There is evidence and critics supporting both sides.

Six Insane Approaches to Insanity

Six Insane Approaches to Insanity

There are six main approaches to Psychology and, with insanity having it’s roots in mental disorders, six different approaches to understanding the term.

First is the Neurobiological approach. This approach is solely based on medical observation and would see insanity as simply a mental disorder. Their approach is to determine the specific medical cause and then prescribe any medications deemed necessary.

Next we have Psychoanalysis. Here it is believed that any mental problems can be traced to repressed memories or painful occurrences locked in the unconscious, causing severe distress on one’s mind. Therapy and introspection or the cure to insanity here.

Third is Humanism. They believe everyone is secretly good and everything is just honky-dory. So who cares if you’re insane? I’m sure things will work out fine!

Fourth is the Cognitive approach, where all thought is a series of deductive processes used to solve everyday problems. Insanity, according to them, is most likely the result of faulty cognitive abilities or an extreme approach to problem solving. Best distract the insane with a Rubix Cube.

Fifth is Behaviorism. Here, all human thoughts, emotions, and processes are a result of what we learn, making us a product of our environment. Therefore, traumatic experiences, bad parents, or a history of violence will lead to insanity. Brainwashing always does the trick here.

Finally we have Sociocultural, where behavior is the result of societal expectations and regulations. So if you’re insane, chances are everybody else is too.

Uncertainty in Literature…and other places…

Often in literature, the author might leave many things uncertain. Some authors like to bash the reader in the head with what they are trying to say. For example, Mary Shelly in her work Frankenstein or Milton’s Paradise Lost. That is not always the case however. In Toni Morrison’s Beloved, a story about a African American woman that escapes from slavery, there is much uncertainty. You can almost never figure out what is happening. There are so many ways to interpret the text and so many different feelings that the reader feels, that the reader just feels in a jumble. Not only is the action of the story uncertain- for the time of the book will shift back and forth until you feel like you are in the nightmare world that the main characters are in- but the feelings that the reader has are extremely uncertain. On one hand, you often feel sympathy for the horrors that the slaves go through. On the other hand, when you realize that the slave men are talking about having sex with cows and are fantasying about raping a young teenage girl, you still feel a little sympathetic to be honest, but you are really just disgusted and horrified, and confused and a little angry. To be honest, when reading the book, half the time I don’t know what to feel. The book is well written because I think that was what Morrison wanted to do. She wanted to focus on African American history and put it out in the open. This was what really happened and how slaves really lived and reacted. She was not trying to sugar coat it and make you just feel so sorry for the slaves. While you do sometimes, she also wanted you to feel other emotions- anger, disgust, wonder, confusion. She wanted you to feel these jumble of emotions and uncertainty in how you feel because that was often the life and mind of a slave. Plus, because you are uncertain of what you feel, you will want to keep reading- to try and figure out what is going on. She is not attempting to slap you in the face with what she is saying though- you are supposed to figure out her meaning. I may not have completely figured out what she is trying to say though. But I am sure that I feel uncertain in the text and in what is going on.

I can’t beleive
What you have done to me
My eyes they don’t deceive
Why aren’t you listening

We’re standing here
Your mouth stays closed
I’m still not clear
Why you left me standing here

You’re leaving me
Despite this tradgedy
My ears they don’t deceive
Why aren’t you coming clean

[X2]
I always thought that you would always be a friend to me
I never thought that you would end up my worst enemy
Don’t trust the lies that’s leading us into uncertainties
So full of jelousy I trust for you not trusting me

[X2]
Don’t be afraid to be yourself
Your confidence will always mend
Don’t be afraid to be yourself
Don’t be afraid to fight again

We’re standing here
Rejection; out of reach
It’s still not clear
Why you left me standing here

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Definition of mental warmth

Definition of mental warmth

Enthusiasm, affection, or kindness.

The definition of physical warmth

The definition of physical warmth

The quality, state, or sensation of being warm; moderate and comfortable heat.