early 14c., “physical attractiveness,” also “goodness, courtesy,” from Anglo-French beute, Old French biauté “beauty, seductiveness, beautiful person” (12c., Modern Frenchbeauté), earlier beltet, from Vulgar Latin bellitatem (nominative bellitas) “state of being handsome,” from Latin bellus “pretty, handsome, charming,” in classical Latin used especially of women and children, or ironically or insultingly of men, perhaps from PIE *dw-en-elo-, diminutive of root *deu- “to do, perform, show favor, revere” (see bene-).
Famously defined by Stendhal as la promesse de bonheur “the promise of happiness.” Replaced Old English wlite. Concrete meaning “a beautiful woman” is first recorded late 14c.Beauty sleep “sleep before midnight” is attested by 1850. Beauty spot is from 1650s. Beauty parlor is from 1894.
Beauté du diable (literally “devil’s beauty”) is used as a French phrase in English from 1825.
Beauty is commonly used to describe a person or scene that is pretty, or good looking. A person who is pretty could also be referred to as beautiful. Also many people find great beauty in nature and scenery. An example in literature is “VIRTUE is like a rich stone, best plain set; and surely virtue is best, in a body that is comely, though not of delicate features; and that hath rather dignity of presence, than beauty of aspect.”(The Essays, By: Sir Francis Bacon)